By Matthew Desmond, author of Evicted: Poverty and Profit in the American City (Crown, March 2016)
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I began this project because I wanted to write a different kind of book about poverty in America. Instead of focusing exclusively on poor people or poor places, I began searching for a process that involved poor and well-off people alike. Eviction—the forced removal of families from their homes—was such a process. Little did I know, at the outset, how immense this problem was, or how devastating its consequences.
Poor people’s incomes have slumped, housing costs have soared, and federal policy has failed to bridge the gap. As a result, the majority of poor renting families in America now spend over half of their income on housing, and at least one in four dedicates more than 70 percent to paying the rent and keeping the lights on. Evicted is an intimate, frontline account of one of the worst affordable housing crises in generations, one that is transforming the experience of urban poverty.
To research this book, I lived in two very poor neighborhoods in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and for several years followed eight families—some black, some white; some with children, some without—swept up in the process of eviction. Arleen received eviction papers and set off with her children into the coldest Milwaukee winter on record. Her landlord, Sherrena Tarver, a former schoolteacher turned inner-city entrepreneur, delivered Arleen groceries when she moved in but cut her no slack in housing court. A grandmother, Larraine fell behind after paying her gas bill because she wanted to take a hot shower. She was evicted by sheriff deputies and her things confiscated by movers. Larraine’s landlord, Tobin Charney, had learned to pull profit out of 131 dilapidated trailers, taking home more than $400,000 a year.
Evicted combines intimate portraits of survival and hope with original analyses based on historical records and new statistical data presented in an accessible fashion. Without losing the drive of the narrative, it bridges multiple disciplines—economics, sociology, journalism, law, ethical reasoning, public policy—to advance broad insights about the nature of poverty today.
So many young people with varying interests want to better understand inequality in America. In courses I teach on this defining issue, students in the natural and social sciences sit beside humanists. America is unique among all advanced democracies for the depth and expanse of its poverty. But this is not inevitable. My hope is that this book will spur students to think differently about inequality and consider their role creating a more just and prosperous world.
MATTHEW DESMOND is the John L. Loeb Associate Professor of the Social Sciences at Harvard University and codirector of the Justice and Poverty Project. A former member of the Harvard Society of Fellows, he is the author of the award-winning book, On the Fireline, coauthor of two books on race, and editor of a collection of studies on severe deprivation in America. His work has been supported by the Ford, Russell Sage, and National Science Foundations, and his writing has appeared in the New York Times and Chicago Tribune. In 2015, Desmond was awarded a MacArthur “Genius” grant.